Anat Biol Anthropol.  2020 Sep;33(3):125-134. 10.11637/aba.2020.33.3.125.

Magnesium Hydride Attenuates Cognitive Impairment in a Rat Model of Vascular Dementia

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, Konyang University, Daejeon, korea
  • 2Department of Medicinal Materials, College of Medical Engineering, Konyang University, Daejeon, korea
  • 3Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, Konyang University, Daejeon, korea

Abstract

Abstract : Reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated oxidative stress plays a key role in the pathogenesis of central nervous system diseases, including vascular dementia (VaD). Thus, scientific attention has been given to the uptake of molecular hydrogen (H2), a powerful ROS scavenger that is abundant in nature, as a potential therapeutic candidate. Among the methods to supply H 2, we selected an oral supplement of magnesium hydride (MgH2) and investigated its therapeutic role in cognitive impairment and hippocampal neuronal death associated with VaD.Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into 4 groups (n of each=8) and subjected to different conditions: SO, a group with vehicle and sham-operation; VEH, a group with a vehicle and 2VO/H (2 vessel occlusion and hypovolemia, used as a surgical model of VaD); MH-L, a group with low dose (5 mg/kg) of MgH2 and 2VO/H; and MH-H, a group with high dose (15 mg/kg) of MgH2 and 2VO/H. MgH2 or vehicle was administered via an intragastric route for 14 days before the operation. Subsequently, the memory performances of rats were tested using three behavior tests, i.e., Y-maze-, Barnes maze-, and passive avoidance tests (PAT). On postoperative day 8, the number of viable neurons in the hippocampal Cornu Ammonis (CA) 1 region was measured. The results of behavioral tests revealed that memory performance was significantly hampered in the VEH group when compared with the SO group; however, the extent of the impairment was markedly diminished in the MH-L and MH-H groups. While the number of pyramidal neurons in hippocampal CA1 was largely reduced in the VEH group when compared with the SO group, this reduction was significantly attenuated in the MH-L and MH-H groups. The effects of MgH2 were dose-dependent in PAT and histologic experiments. These results suggest that MgH2 supplementation can attenuate cognitive impairment and hippocampal neuronal death associated with VaD.

Keyword

Magnesium hydride; Vascular dementia; 2VO/H; Hippocampal neuron
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