Korean J Transplant.  2020 Sep;34(3):210-216. 10.4285/kjt.2020.34.3.210.

Graft outflow vein venoplasty for a laparoscopically harvested left lateral section graft in pediatric living donor liver transplantation

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Department of Pediatrics, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

Laparoscopically harvested left lateral section (LLS) grafts have drawbacks regarding the size of the graft left hepatic vein (LHV) orifice although they have the merit of cosmetics concerning the donor’s wound. We present a case of pediatric living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) using a laparoscopically harvested LLS graft and describe the refined surgical techniques for graft LHV venoplasty with a circumferential vein patch. The patient was a 46-month-old boy with marked growth retardation who was diagnosed with progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis type 2. The donor was his 25-yearold mother. The LLS graft weighed 285 g. A circumferential patch of external iliac vein homograft was attached to the graft LHV orifice after incisions were made at the medial wall of the LHV trunk and superficial LHV branch, which made the graft LHV orifice much larger. The recipient’s hepatic vein orifice was also enlarged by unifying the three hepatic vein orifices. Other surgical procedures followed the standard LDLT operation. This patient recovered uneventfully and has been doing well for 1 year. In conclusion, our incision-and-patch venoplasty to enlarge the graft outflow vein orifice was beneficial for reducing the risk of hepatic vein outflow obstruction in LDLT using a laparoscopically harvested LLS graft.

Keyword

Left hepatic vein; Venoplasty; Vein patch; Stenosis; Pediatric transplantation
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