Chonnam Med J.  2020 Sep;56(3):196-202. 10.4068/cmj.2020.56.3.196.

Indicators Related to Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation According to Occupation Among Family Members of Coronary Heart Disease Patients

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Preventive Medicine and Institute of Wonkwang Medical Science, Wonkwang University School of Medicine, Iksan, Korea
  • 2Regional Cardiocerebrovascular Center, Wonkwang University Hospital, Iksan, Korea
  • 3National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development Administration, Jeonju, Korea

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate differences in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)-related indicators among families of community-dwelling coronary heart disease (CHD) patients according to their occupation. A total of 6,867 family members living with CHD patients were selected for analysis from the 2016 Korea Community Health Survey. Respondents’ occupations were classified into managers and professionals (MP), clerks (CL), service and sales workers (SSW), agricultural/forestry/fishery workers (AFFW), mechanical and manual laborers (MML), and homemakers and unemployed (HU). The adjusted odds ratio (aOR) for awareness of CPR in the MP (3.82), SSW (1.73), and MML (1.29) groups were higher than that in HU (reference), while the CL (1.42) and AFFW (1.04) groups showed no significant difference compared to HU. The aORs for experience with CPR education and manikin-assisted CPR training were higher among the MP (4.00 and 3.94), CL (2.61 and 2.26), SSW (2.02 and 1.91), and MML (1.99 and 1.69) groups than in HU, and only AFFW (1.22 and 1.18) showed no difference from HU. Finally, the aOR for self-efficacy in CPR performance was significantly higher among the MP (3.17), CL (1.64), SSW (1.87), and MML (1.44) groups than in HU. However, there was no significant difference between AFFW (1.22) and HU in self-efficacy in CPR performance. To improve the survival rate of CHD patients through successful CPR at the pre-hospital stage during cardiac arrest, it is important to increase the ability of family members of CHD patients to perform CPR, especially among those in AFFW and HU occupations.

Keyword

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation; Occupations; Coronary Artery Disease
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