Korean J Gastroenterol.  2020 Sep;76(3):142-149. 10.4166/kjg.2020.76.3.142.

Efficacy of Seven-day High-dose Esomeprazole-based Triple Therapy versus Seven-day Standard Dose Non-esomeprazole-based Triple Therapy as the First-line Treatment of Patients with Helicobacter pylori Infection

  • 1Departments of Internal Medicine, Kosin University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea
  • 2Departments of Medicine, Kosin University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea


The rates of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication have declined with the use of proton pump inhibitor-amoxicillin-clarithromycin as the first-line triple therapy. On the other hand, several studies have suggested that high gastric pH levels could affect the H. pylori eradication rate by enhancing the efficacy of antimicrobials. This study compared the efficacy of seven-day high-dose esomeprazole-based triple therapy (7-HEAC) for first-line H. pylori eradication with the seven-day standard dose non-esomeprazole-based triple therapy (7-NEAC) to identify the risk factors related to eradication failure.
This study included 223 patients who were diagnosed with a H. pylori infection and received 7-HEAC or 7-NEAC between June 2016 and January 2017. The H. pylori eradication rates, as well as demographic and clinical factors, were investigated retrospectively. H. pylori eradication was confirmed by a 13C-urea breath test or rapid urease test at least 4 weeks after the completion of therapy.
The eradication rates were 67.7% (105/155; 95% CI 59.5-74.8%) in the 7-NEAC group and 80.9% (55/68; 95% CI 69.9-89.8%) in the 7-HEAC group (p=0.045). The adverse event rates were 5.8% (9/155) in the 7-NEAC group and 7.4% (5/68) in the 7-HEAC group (p=0.661). Multivariate analysis revealed being female (OR 2.08; 95% CI 1.15-3.76) to be associated with the failure of H. pylori eradication therapy.
The eradication rate of the 7-HEAC group was higher than that of the 7-NEAC group. Nevertheless, more effective first-line therapies may be necessary for H. pylori eradication in the near future.


Helicobacter pylori; Disease eradication; Esomeprazole; Proton pump inhibitors
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