Res Vestib Sci.  2020 Sep;19(3):104-109. 10.21790/rvs.2020.19.3.104.

Acute Peripheral Vestibular Syndrome in Relapsing Polychondritis

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Konkuk University Medical Center, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Research Institute of Medical Science, Konkuk University, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

Relapsing polychondritis is a rare multisystemic autoimmune disorder of unknown etiology and characterized by recurrent episodes of inflammation affecting the cartilaginous tissues. Otologic manifestation such as auricular chondritis is one of the most frequent presenting symptoms in relapsing polychondritis, and inner ear symptoms, such as hearing loss, tinnitus, and vertigo, may develop in 7% to 42% of the patients. In this study, we present a 42-year-old male patient with relapsing polychondritis, who experienced two separate episodes of acute vestibular syndrome at the interval of 6 years. At the first vertigo attack, the patient showed left-beating spontaneous nystagmus with sudden hearing loss on the right side, and a bithermal caloric test revealed canal paresis on the right side. At the second vertigo attack, he showed right-beating spontaneous nystagmus, and a bithermal caloric test, compared to that during the first vertigo attack, revealed additional decrease in caloric response on the left side.

Keyword

Relapsing polychondritis; Magnetic resonance imaging; Vertigo; Intracanalicular mass; 재발성 다발연골염; 자기공명영상; 현훈; 내이도내 종물
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