J Minim Invasive Surg.  2020 Sep;23(3):120-125. 10.7602/jmis.2020.23.3.120.

Feasibility of Single-Incision Plus One Port Laparoscopic Low Anterior Resection for Rectal Cancer

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Surgery, Gangneung Asan Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Gangneung, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
Single-incision laparoscopic surgery is a recently developed minimally invasive surgical technique. We aimed to compare the feasibility and safety of single-incision plus one port laparoscopic low anterior resection (S+1-LAR) with those of multi-port laparoscopic low anterior resection (M-LAR) for mid-to-low rectal cancer.
Methods
We retrospectively reviewed patient characteristics and surgical outcomes by assessing data collected from the medical records of patients who underwent elective laparoscopic low anterior resection for mid-to-low rectal cancer at the Gangneung Asan Hospital.
Results
From April 2015 to April 2019, 52 patients underwent S+1-LAR (n=28) or M-LAR (n=24) for midto-low rectal cancer at Gangneung Asan Hospital. There were no significant between-group differences in clinical characteristics. The mean postoperative 1-day pain score was significantly lower in the S+1-LAR group. Surgical outcomes and postoperative complications did not differ significantly between the two groups.
Conclusion
S+1-LAR is a feasible and safe technique and is comparable with M-LAR in terms of surgical outcomes of patients with mid-to-low rectal cancer.

Keyword

Single incision; Rectal cancer; Laparoscopic surgery; Complication; Minimally invasive surgery
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