J Korean Dysphagia Soc.  2020 Jan;10(1):47-55. 10.34160/jkds.2020.10.1.006.

Study on the Status of Dysphagia Rehabilitation

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Health & Biotechnology, Semyung University, Jecheon, Korea
  • 2Department of Occupational Therapy, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea
  • 3Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Medicine, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Korea

Abstract


Objective
The purpose of this study was to identify the current status of dysphagia therapy administered by occupational therapists in Korea as well as to obtain basic data to explore the development direction of dysphagia therapy.
Methods
This study surveyed occupational therapists who underwent rehabilitation therapy for swallowing disorders in general hospitals, rehabilitation hospitals, and nursing hospitals from April 2019 to September 2019. Resdults: According to the results of the survey, dysphagia therapy has been actively conducted in rehabilitation hospitals, nursing hospitals, and general hospitals. In the area of dysphagia therapy, increased intervention of pediatric patients and psychiatric patients was confirmed, and various intervention methods such as compensation and restorative methods were applied. The results of this study confirm the importance of a structured environment along with the necessity of a systematic intervention system. Therapists who performed dysphagia therapy recognize the importance of evidence-based practice, but the application of evidence-based practice is proportionally low.
Conclusion
It was confirmed that dysphagia rehabilitation growing both quantitatively and qualitatively in the short period of 20 years after supported by insurance. In addition, due to the systematic evaluation and provision of appropriate treatments according to the symptoms, dysphagia rehabilitation is firmly established as the main area of occupational therapy.

Keyword

Dysphagia; Occpuational therapy; Survey
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