J Korean Dysphagia Soc.  2012 Jan;2(1):20-26.

Nutritional Intervention for Developmental Delayed Children with Swallowing and Feeding Disorders

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Food Service and Nutrition Care, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

Swallowing and feeding disorders are common problems in children with developmental disabilities. Disabled children have a high risk of under-or over nutrition, micronutrient deficiencies and growth failure. It is important early recognition of nutritional problems and appropriate intervention of pediatric swallowing and feeding disorder. Nutritional assessment should be performed monthly for the first year of life and at least annually in the older child to adjustment optimal nutrient intakes and to document adequate growth. The efficient nutritional intervention including foods with high nutrient and energy density, modification of food and beverage textures and consistencies may optimize to ensure oral feeding skill, normal growth and quality of life. Enteral tube feeding can be considered in children with developmental disabilities who can not achieve sufficient oral intake to maintain adequate nutritional or hydration status. A multidisciplinary team approach is essential to manage pediatric swallowing and feeding problems and prevent poor nutritional status of disabled children.

Keyword

Swallowing; Feeding; Developmental disabilities; Nutrition
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