J Korean Neuropsychiatr Assoc.  2020 Aug;59(3):250-259. 10.4306/jknpa.2020.59.3.250.

Reliability and Validity of the Korean Version of the Kenny Music Performance Anxiety Inventory

  • 1Department of Neuropsychiatry, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Department of Psychiatry, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Yangsan, Korea
  • 3Department of Psychiatry, Maum Hyanggi Hospital, Busan, Korea


Performance anxiety has been conceptualized as a subtype of social anxiety disorder, but is still under-recognized and under-diagnosed because of the lack of specific tools for its appropriate assessment in clinical practice. This study examined the reliability and validity of the Korean version of the Kenny Music Performance Anxiety Inventory (KMPAI).
Three hundred and sixty-nine students in art high school completed a battery of measures, including the Korean version of the KMPAI, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS), Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D), and Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale-Korean version (FMPS-K). The construct validity of the Korean version of KMPAI was examined by performing explorative factor analysis. The reliability was assessed by the internal consistency using Cronbach’s alpha.
Explorative factor analysis for the construct validity showed that the Korean version of KMPAI was composed of seven factors (factor 1: Worry/dread and Negative cognitions; factor 2: Proximal somatic anxiety and Worry about performance; factor 3: Depression/hopelessness; factor 4: Parental empathy–Memory–Controllability; factor 5: Generational transmission of anxiety; factor 6: Trust; factor 7: Rumination), explaining 61% of the total variance. The T Concurrent validity with the other scales (STAI, LASA, CES-D, and FMPS-K) was statistically significant. The Cronbach’s alpha value for the internal consistency of the Korean version of KMPAI was excellent (r=0.961).
The Korean version of the KMPAI is a reliable and valid instrument for measuring music performance anxiety in Korea.


Kenny Music Performance Anxiety Inventory; Reliability; Validity; Performance anxiety
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