Pediatr Gastroenterol Hepatol Nutr.  2020 Sep;23(5):423-429. 10.5223/pghn.2020.23.5.423.

Alimentary Tract Duplication in Pediatric Patients: Its Distinct Clinical Features and Managements

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatric Surgery, Pusan National University Children's Hospital, Yangsan, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
Alimentary tract duplication (ATD) is a rare congenital condition that may occur throughout the intestinal tract. Clinical symptoms are generally related to the involved site, size of duplication, or associated ectopic mucosa. This study aimed to identify clinical implications by anatomical locations and age group and then suggest a relevant management according to its distinct features.
Methods
We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of pediatric patients who received a surgical management due to ATD. Furthermore, data including patients' demographics, anatomical distribution of the duplication, clinical features according to anatomical variants, and outcomes were compared.
Results
A total of 25 patients were included in this study. ATD developed most commonly in the midgut, especially at the ileocecal region. The most common clinical presentation was abdominal pain, a sign resulting from intestinal obstruction, gastrointestinal bleeding, and intussusception. The non-communicating cystic type was the most common pathological feature in all age groups. Clinically, prenatal detection was relatively low; however, it usually manifested before the infantile period. A laparoscopic procedure was performed in most cases (18/25, 72.0%), significantly in the midgut lesion (p=0.012).
Conclusion
ATD occurs most commonly at the ileocecal region, and a symptomatic one may usually be detected before the early childhood period. Surgical management should be considered whether symptom or not regarding its symptomatic progression, and a minimal invasive procedure is the preferred method, especially for the midgut lesion.

Keyword

Alimentary tract; Duplication; Pediatric; Ileocecal; Minimal invasive; Midgut
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