Korean J Ophthalmol.  2020 Aug;34(4):281-289. 10.3341/kjo.2020.0014.

Prognostic Factors and Long-term Surgical Outcomes for Exudative Age-related Macular Degeneration with Breakthrough Vitreous Hemorrhage

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, Institute of Vision Research, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Department of Medicine, Yonsei University Graduate School, Seoul, Korea
  • 3Department of Ophthalmology, Institute of Vision Research, Severance Eye Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
We sought to evaluate the long-term outcomes for patients with exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD) undergoing vitrectomy for breakthrough vitreous hemorrhage and to investigate possible prognostic factors.
Methods
Consecutive patients treated at two high-volume referral-based tertiary hospitals between July 2006 and Decem-ber 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. Surgery was performed using the standard three-port vitrectomy. The primary out-come was the change in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) over long-term follow-up, while secondary outcomes included the assessment of possible prognostic factors.
Results
Among 50 eyes from 50 patients included in this study, 23 (46%) were diagnosed with polypoidal choroidal vascu-lopathy (PCV) and 27 (54%) were diagnosed with neovascular AMD. Preoperative vision at the time of vitreous hemorrhage onset was 20 / 3,027 (logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution [logMAR], 2.18 ± 0.34). At 12 months after surgery, the mean BCVA improved to 20 / 873 (logMAR, 1.64 ± 0.76; p < 0.001). At 24 months, the BCVA was 20 / 853 (logMAR, 1.63 ± 0.75; p < 0.001). Univariate analysis revealed that older age (odds ratio [OR], 0.879; p = 0.007] and the presence of submac-ular hemorrhage (OR, 0.081; p= 0.022) were factors associated with a poor 2-year visual outcome. Multivariable regression showed that older age (OR, 0.876; p= 0.026) and neovascular AMD (as compared with PCV) (OR, 0.137; p= 0.014) were significant negative factors influencing the 2-year visual outcome. The mean injection interval prior to vitrectomy was 4.53 months, which extended to 27.64 months after vitrectomy ( p = 0.028).
Conclusions
Younger age, the absence of submacular hemorrhage, and PCV type were associated with a favorable 2-year visual outcome after vitrectomy for vitreous hemorrhage in patients with exudative AMD. Overall, vitrectomy resulted in im-proved visual acuity and patients showed a decreased need for anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy thereafter.

Keyword

Macular degeneration; Prognosis; Vitrectomy; Vitreous hemorrhage
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