Diabetes Metab J.  2020 Aug;44(4):498-508. 10.4093/dmj.2019.0200.

Role of CRTC2 in Metabolic Homeostasis: Key Regulator of Whole-Body Energy Metabolism?

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Life Sciences, College of Life Sciences & Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) signaling is critical for regulating metabolic homeostasis in mammals. In particular, transcriptional regulation by cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) and its coactivator, CREB-regulated transcription coactivator (CRTC), is essential for controlling the expression of critical enzymes in the metabolic process, leading to more chronic changes in metabolic flux. Among the CRTC isoforms, CRTC2 is predominantly expressed in peripheral tissues and has been shown to be associated with various metabolic pathways in tissue-specific manners. While initial reports showed the physiological role of CRTC2 in regulating gluconeogenesis in the liver, recent studies have further delineated the role of this transcriptional coactivator in the regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism in various tissues, including the liver, pancreatic islets, endocrine tissues of the small intestines, and adipose tissues. In this review, we discuss recent studies that have utilized knockout mouse models to delineate the role of CRTC2 in the regulation of metabolic homeostasis.

Keyword

CRTC2 protein; human; Crtc2 protein; mouse; Cyclic AMP; Energy metabolism; Transcription; genetic
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