Ann Rehabil Med.  2020 Aug;44(4):292-300. 10.5535/arm.19112.

Relationship Between Line Bisection Test Time and Hemispatial Neglect Prognosis in Patients With Stroke: A Prospective Pilot Study

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University College of Medicine, Seongnam, Korea
  • 2Rehabilitation and Regeneration Research Center, CHA University, Pocheon, Korea

Abstract


Objective
To determine the relationship between line bisection test (LBT) performance time and prognosis of hemispatial neglect (HSN) in stroke patients.
Methods
Data on stroke patients with HSN were prospectively collected. After patient recruitment and eligibility screening, the LBT, Motor-Free Visual Perception Test 3rd edition, and Korean version of Mini-Mental State Examination were performed at the time of admission and 4 weeks thereafter. The LBT performance time was also measured. All patients received conventional rehabilitation for 4 weeks. Based on the improvements in their LBT grades, the patients were divided into improved and non-improved groups. The evaluation results of the two groups were compared using Mann–Whitney U-tests and logistic regression was performed to predict the independence of each outcome.
Results
In total, 26 stroke patients with HSN were included, with 13 patients in each group. Significant differences were observed in the baseline LBT performance times between the improved and non-improved groups (p<0.05). Logistic regression analysis revealed associations between HSN prognosis, and baseline LBT performance time (odds ratio=0.95; 95% confidence interval, 0.90–1.00; p<0.05) and baseline Motor-Free Visual Perception Test 3rd edition (odds ratio=1.20; 95% confidence interval, 1.01–1.43; p<0.05).
Conclusion
A significant relationship was observed between the baseline LBT performance time and HSN prognosis.

Keyword

Stroke; Perceptual disorders; Visual perception; Attention; Prognosis; Hemispatial neglect
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