Korean J Fam Pract.  2020 Jul;10(4):292-297. 10.21215/kjfp.2020.10.4.292.

Simplified Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Simulator Made by Recycled Materials Could Be a Useful Tool of Education: Focus Group Interview

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Family Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Department of Family Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea

Abstract

Background
Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy is becoming a common technique used by primary care physicians, so appropriate education using adummy is beneficial for the trainees. However, because dummies are expensive, only a few hospitals have dummies. In this study, we investigatedwhether a simplified upper gastrointestinal endoscopic simulator created using recycled materials can be useful in endoscopic education.
Methods
The simplified upper gastrointestinal endoscopic simulator was prepared using materials that were readily available around us. Focus groupinterviews were conducted with five family medicine trainees for 60 minutes using a semi-structured questionnaire. All conversations were recordedand transcribed after they provided informed consent. Data were analyzed using qualitative analysis methods.
Results
Family medicine trainees believe that upper gastrointestinal endoscopic training is essential for primary care physicians and can be helpful intheir job after training. However, they were concerned about the possibility of endoscopic complications and difficulty in endoscopy operation. Allof them said that the simplified upper gastrointestinal endoscopic simulator helped reduce their fear and also helped them become familiar withanatomic positions. The simplified upper gastrointestinal endoscopic simulator also aroused their interest and motivated them to learn.
Conclusion
Overall, the simplified upper gastrointestinal endoscopy simulator seemed helpful for trainees of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Theuse of a simplified upper gastrointestinal endoscopy simulator could be considered in training hospitals that do not have enough financial resources.Further quantitative studies are needed to generate further evidence.

Keyword

Endoscopy; Endoscopic Simulator; Endoscopic Training; Focus Group
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