J Korean Ophthalmol Soc.  2020 Aug;61(8):890-896. 10.3341/jkos.2020.61.8.890.

Comparison of Perioperative Contrast Sensitivity between Laser in situ Keratomileusis and Small-incision Lenticule Extraction

Affiliations
  • 1Saevit Eye Hospital, Goyang, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
To compare contrast sensitivity before and after surgery in patients who underwent laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK)and small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE).
Methods
From February 2019 to April 2019, 20 patients who underwent LASIK, and 21 who underwent SMILE, were comparedbefore, one day, one week, and one month after surgery.
Results
On postoperative day (POD) 1, contrast sensitivity was better in the LASIK group than in the SMILE group under all conditionsfor 1.6, 1, and 0.64 cycles per degree (cpd). One week after surgery, the contrast sensitivity of the LASIK group was betterthan that of the SMILE group under photopic conditions with glare for 1.6, 1, and 0.64 cpd, under photopic conditions withoutglare for 1 and 0.64 cpd, and under all scotopic conditions for 2.5, 1.6, and 0.64 cpd (p< 0.05). There was no significant differencebetween the two groups, except under the scotopic conditions without glare for 0.64 cpd at one month after surgery. In theLASIK group, the contrast sensitivity was best at one week after surgery. The SMILE group showed the poorest contrast sensitivityon POD 1, but this gradually improved.
Conclusions
The LASIK group had better contrast sensitivity on one day and one week after surgery than the SMILE group, butthere was no significant difference at one month after surgery. In the LASIK group, the contrast sensitivity was best at one weekafter surgery. In the SMILE group, the contrast sensitivity was worst on POD 1.

Keyword

Contrast sensitivity; Laser in situ keratomileusis; Small-incision lenticule extraction
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