J Korean Acad Nurs.  2020 Jun;50(3):313-332. 10.4040/jkan.20142.

Development of Caring as a Human Science: 50 Years of History of the Korean Society of Nursing Science

  • 1School of Nursing, Soonchunhyang University, Cheonan
  • 2College of Nursing · Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University, Seoul
  • 3College of Nursing · Research Institute of Nursing Science, Ajou University, Suwon
  • 4College of Nursing Science · East-West Nursing Research Institute, Kyung Hee University, Seoul
  • 5College of Nursing, CHA University, Pocheon
  • 6Red-Cross College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea


This year 2020 marks the 50th anniversary of the founding of the Korean Society of Nursing Science (KSNS). This study wasaimed to explore development of caring and describe the 50 years of history of KSNS within the sociocultural context of Korea regardingacademic footsteps, meanings, and implications for the future.
This study used a historical research methodology using a literaturereview and bibliometric analysis. Relevant literature was reviewed and the published abstracts in the Journal of Korean Academy ofNursing (JKAN) were analyzed using VOSviewer.
Birth control and family planning in the 1970s was the main research topic. In the1980s, the development of nursing concepts, theories, and philosophies was the mission of KSNS to extend the disciplinary boundary. In the1990s, the progress of KSNS to become one of the woman-dominant healthcare professionals was the mission in the given period. Expandingthe frontiers of KSNS to the extent of global standards was the undertaking of the nursing scholars in the 2000s. Lastly, in the 2010s,the quality and quantity improvement of KSNS and JKAN is expected to make our future even prosperous. The map visualization of the 50years of research accumulation showed the comparable opposition of quantitative vs. qualitative research methodologies, equation modeling,and instrument development.
These clusters of research demonstrates the efforts to make nursing evidence by Koreannursing scholars for the last five decades. The growth in the slope of KSNS and outcomes of JKAN are to carry on to an unimaginable extentin the future.


Nursing Care; Humans; Societies, Nursing; History of Nursing; Historical Article
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