Child Health Nurs Res.  2020 Jul;26(3):385-392. 10.4094/chnr.2020.26.3.385.

Gambling Subgroups among Korean Out-of-school Adolescents

Affiliations
  • 1Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Chungwoon University, Hongseong, Korea
  • 2Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Dong-Eui University, Busan, Korea
  • 3Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Andong National University, Andong, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
The number of Korean adolescents engaging in gambling is increasing, especially among out-of-school adolescents. This study aimed to identify patterns of gambling activities and factors related to specific subgroups of out-of-school adolescent gambling activities.
Methods
This descriptive study analyzed secondary data from the 2015 Korea Youth Gambling Problem Survey, including 1,200 out-of-school adolescents. Latent class analysis was conducted to identify patterns of gambling activities. The factors related to gambling subgroups were verified with multinomial logistic regression.
Results
Three latent classes of gambling activities were identified: rarely gambling (RG), immediate gain gambling (IGG), and broad gambling (BG). These subgroups differed significantly in terms of gender, age at and type of first gambling experience, number and type of gambling activities, gambling frequency, time and money spent on gambling, problem gambling severity, and motivation for gambling. Compared to the RG subgroup, both the IGG and BG subgroups were strongly associated with an older age at the first gambling experience.
Conclusion
Out-of-school adolescents who first gambled at an older age and who gambled mainly in order to gain money immediately were at risk of problem gambling. Developing strategies for early screening and referral to professionals is necessary to prevent gambling problems from worsening.

Keyword

Adolescent; Gambling; Latent class analysis; Prevention
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