Child Health Nurs Res.  2020 Jul;26(3):338-347. 10.4094/chnr.2020.26.3.338.

Validity and Reliability of the Life Transition Scale in Parents of Disabled Children Across the Life Transition Process

Affiliations
  • 1Associate Professor, Department of Emergency Medical Services, Daejeon University, Daejeon, Korea
  • 2Professor, College of Nursing, Gachon University, Incheon, Korea
  • 3Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Andong National University, Andong, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
The Life Transition Scale (LTS) consists of 24 items that assess the life transition process of parents of autistic children. This study aimed to examine the validity and reliability of the LTS in parents of children with a wide spectrum of disabilities.
Methods
Data were collected from 260 parents of children with disabilities through self-report questionnaires. Validity was examined using exploratory and confirmative factor analysis to determine the factor structures of the LTS; socio-demographic differences in LTS scores were examined using the t-test or ANOVA. Reliability was examined using Cronbach's ⍺ coefficient.
Results
A four-factor structure was validated (x2=640.0, p<.001, GFI=.81, RMSEA=.07, NNFI=.89, CFI=.89, PNFI=.74, Q [x2/df]=2.60). The validity of the LTS was verified by exploratory factor analysis, with factor loading ranging from .30 to .80. There were significant differences in the accepting phase according to children's and parents' age and the type of disability, and in the wandering phase according to parental gender, educational level, job, and socioeconomic status. The Cronbach's ⍺s for the reliability of each of the four structures were acceptable, within a range of .80~.90.
Conclusion
The LTS is a valid and reliable measurement to assess the life transition process of parents with disabled children.

Keyword

Disabled children; Parents; Life; Validation study
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