Anesth Pain Med.  2020 Jul;15(3):325-333. 10.17085/apm.20001.

Analysis of perioperative cardiac arrest in a rural hospital in Korea

  • 1Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Gangneung Asan Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Gangneung, Korea
  • 2Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Daejeon Sun Medical Center, Daejeon, Korea


Perioperative cardiac arrest has been studied in many countries but few related studies have been conducted in Korea. Previous studies were not applicable to rural hospitals due to differences in the demographics between the regions. In the present study, the incidence, mortality, and related factors of perioperative cardiac arrest in a hospital in Youngdong province were analyzed and compared with previous research.
A retrospective study was conducted from the January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2018, on patients who underwent both anesthesia and surgery in our hospital. Patients who received local anesthesia were not included in the study. The collected data included the patient characteristics, anesthesia methods, the American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status, surgical department, emergency status, traumatic status, pre- and post-cardiac arrest medical records, and patient outcomes.
A total of 57,746 patients received anesthesia and underwent surgery during the study period, and 28 patients (4.85 per 10,000 anesthesia cases) received cardiopulmonary cerebral resuscitation (CPCR) during or within 24 hours of surgery. Eight patients survived and twenty patients died (3.46 per 10,000 anesthesia cases). There were three anesthesia-related arrests and all of these patients survived. When limiting the analysis to patients with intraoperative CPCR, the incidence and mortality were 1.56, and 1.39 per 10,000 anesthesia cases, respectively.
The incidence and mortality of perioperative cardiac arrest in our hospital were higher than those in a recent study in Seoul, demonstrating a regional gap in Korea.


Anesthesia; Cardiac arrest; Incidence; Mortality; Perioperative; Resuscitation
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