J Korean Soc Radiol.  2020 Jul;81(4):770-793. 10.3348/jksr.2020.81.4.770.

Gastrointestinal Emergencies in Neonates: What We Should Know

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Radiology, Ewha Womans University Mokdong Hospital, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, Korea
  • 3Department of Radiology, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, Chungnam National University Hospital, Daejeon, Korea

Abstract

Newborn gastrointestinal tract emergency diseases include various disorders that occur anywhere along the digestive tract. Most of them are congenital malformations, not acquired diseases. Many of them cannot be confirmed on prenatal examination, and consequently, postnatal evaluation is required. Unlike adults, in newborn babies, detailed evaluations with computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are often limited, so making the diagnosis based on early abdominal radiography is most important. Therefore, it is necessary to be familiar with the radiologic findings that may be seen on imaging studies. In addition, it is important to understand abdominal ultrasound and fluoroscopy findings, which can be used in addition to simple radiography and indications that can be used for further diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Therefore, this study describes and organizes the various imaging findings that may occur in neonatal gastrointestinal emergencies.

Keyword

Infant; Newborn; Gastrointestinal Diseases
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