Blood Res.  2020 Jul;55(S1):S14-S18. 10.5045/br.2020.S003.

New agents in acute myeloid leukemia (AML)

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Hematology, Catholic Hematology Hospital, Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital, Korea
  • 2Leukemia Research Institute, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

Despite expanding knowledge in the molecular landscape of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and an increasing understanding of leukemogenic pathways, little has changed in the treatment of AML in the last 40 years. Since introduction in the 1970s, combination chemotherapy consisting of anthracycline and cytarabine has been the mainstay of treatment, with major therapeutic advances based on improving supportive care rather than the introduction of novel therapeutics. Over the last decades, there have been extensive efforts to identify specific target mutations or pathways with the aim of improving clinical outcomes. Finally, after a prolonged wait, we are witnessing the next wave of AML treatment, characterized by a more “precise” and “personalized” understanding of the unique molecular or genetic mapping of individual patients. This new trend has since been further facilitated, with four new FDA approvals granted in 2017 in AML therapeutics. Currently, a total of eight targeted agents have been approved since 2017 (as of Jan. 2020). In this review, we will briefly discuss these newer agents in the context of their indication and the basis of their approval.

Keyword

Acute myeloid leukemia; New FDA approvals
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