Yonsei Med J.  2020 Aug;61(8):660-669. 10.3349/ymj.2020.61.8.660.

Overexpression of miR-146b-5p Ameliorates Neonatal Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy by Inhibiting IRAK1/TRAF6/TAK1/NF-αB Signaling

  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, China
  • 2Neonatal Internal Medicine, Shanxi Children’s Hospital, Taiyuan, China


Neonatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is an essential factor underlying neonatal death and disability. This study sought to explore the role of miR-146b-5p in regulating neonatal HIE.
Materials and Methods
In vitro and in vivo HIE models were established in PC12 cells and 10-day neonatal Sprague Dawley rats, respectively. Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to assess miR-146b-5p expression and inflammatory factors [interleukin (IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α] in brain lesions and PC12 cells, while enzymelinked immunosorbent assay was employed to detect the expression of oxidative stress factors (SOD and GSH-Px). Gain- and loss-assays of miR-146b-5p were conducted to verify its role in modulating the viability and apoptosis of PC12 cells under oxygenglucose deprivation (OGD) treatment. Expression of TLR4, IRAK1, TRAF6, TAK1, and NF-κB were examined by qRT-PCR and/or Western blot. Dual luciferase activity assay was conducted to identify relationships between miR-146b-5p and IRAK1.
In the HIE models, significant oxidative stress and inflammatory responses emerged upon upregulation of TLR4/IRAK1/ TRAF6/TAK1/NF-κB signaling. Overexpression of miR-146b-5p greatly inhibited OGD-induced PC12 cell injury, inflammatory responses, and oxidative stress. Inhibiting miR-146b-5p, however, had the opposite effects. IRAK1 was found to be a target of miR- 146b-5p, and miR-146b-5p overexpression suppressed the activation of IRAK1/TRAF6/TAK1/NF-κB signaling.
This study demonstrated that miR-146b-5p overexpression alleviates HIE-induced neuron injury by inhibiting the IRAK1/TRAF6/TAK1/NF-κB pathway.


Neonatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy; miR-146b-5p; inflammation; oxidative stress
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