J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs.  2020 Jun;29(2):133-142. 10.12934/jkpmhn.2020.29.2.133.

Influences of Type D Personality, Positive Psychological Capital, and Emotional Labor on the Burnout of Psychiatric Nurses

Affiliations
  • 1Graduate Student, College of Nursing, Graduate School, Jeonbuk National University, Jeonju, Korea
  • 2Professor, College of Nursing ․ Jeonbuk Research Institute of Nursing Science, Jeonbuk National University, Jeonju, Korea
  • 3Associate Professor, College of Nursing ․ Jeonbuk Research Institute of Nursing Science, Jeonbuk National University, Jeonju, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between type D personality, positive psychological capital, emotional labor, and burnout in psychiatric nurses.
Methods
The participants were 187 psychiatric nurses from 12 mental health hospitals in South Korea selected through convenience sampling. Data were collected July-August 2019 through self-reporting questionnaires.
Results
Burnout significantly correlated with emotional labor, and positive psychological capital. Emotional labor, positive psychological capital, and type D personality were significant factors, explaining approximately 65.6% of the variance in burnouts.
Conclusion
Based on these results, emphasizing the importance of understanding emotional labor and careful management of type D personality, an intervention program focusing on reinforcing positive psychological capital is needed to prevent burnout.

Keyword

Psychiatric nursing; Type D personality; Optimism; Psychological distress; Burnout; 정신간호; D 성격유형; 긍정심리자본; 감정노동; 소진
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