J Korean Acad Nurs Adm.  2020 Jun;26(3):294-303. 10.11111/jkana.2020.26.3.294.

Effects of Leader-Member Exchange of Nurses who Return to Work after Parental Leave on Conflict between Work and Family: Focus on the Mediating Effects of Job Stress

  • 1Nurse, Pusan National University Hospital
  • 2Associate Professor, Department of Nursing Science, Dongseo University


This study was done to analyze effects of leader-member exchange as perceived by nurses who returned to work after parental leave: conflict between work and family via job stress.
A cross-sectional study design was adopted and data were collected from 140 nurses. Collected data were analyzed using the SPSS 23.0 program (descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and regression analysis).
Mean scores were 3.44±0.64 out of 5 for leader-member exchange, 3.45±0.59 out of 5 for job stress, and 2.82±0.80 out of 5 for conflict between work and family. The leader-member exchange had negative correlations with job stress (r=-.31, p=.003) and conflict between work and family (r=-.36, p<.001). The leader-member exchange had direct impacts on conflict between work and family (β=-.26, p=.002) and indirect via job stress (β=.35, p<.001). Job stress had partial mediating effects on relations between leader-member exchange and conflict between work and family (Z=-3.00, p<.001). The leader-member exchange and job stress explained 41% of the conflict between work and family.
The findings from this study indicate that active human resource management policies should be established in order to increase the leader-member exchange.


Conflict; Job stress; Leader-member exchange; Mediating effect; Nurses
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