J Cancer Prev.  2020 Jun;25(2):79-86. 10.15430/JCP.2020.25.2.79.

The Histone Lysine-specific Demethylase 1 Inhibitor, SP2509 Exerts Cytotoxic Effects against Renal Cancer Cells through Downregulation of Bcl-2 and Mcl-1

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Keimyung University, Daegu, Korea

Abstract

Lysine-specific histone demethylase 1 (LSD1), also known as KDM1A, can remove the methyl group from lysine 4 and 9 at histone H3, which regulates transcriptional suppression and activation. Recently, high expression of LSD1 in tumors has been shown to be involved in cancer cell proliferation, metastasis, and poor prognosis. We found that SP2509, a potent and reversible inhibitor of LSD1, induced apoptosis in human renal carcinoma (Caki and ACHN) and glioma (U87MG) cells. Pharmacological inhibition and siRNA-mediated silencing of LSD1 expression effectively downregulated anti-apoptotic proteins such as Bcl-2 and Mcl-1. Ectopic expression of these proteins markedly attenuated SP2509-induced apoptosis. At a mechanistic level, we found that inhibition of LSD1 downregulated Bcl-2 at a transcriptional level. Interestingly, protein expression of Mcl-1 was modulated at a post-translation level. Our results reveal that LSD1 could induce apoptotic cell death in renal carcinoma cells through downregulation of Bcl-2 and Mcl-1.

Keyword

KDM1A; SP2509; Bcl-2; Mcl-1; Apoptosis
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