Korean J Sports Med.  2020 Jun;38(2):101-109. 10.5763/kjsm.2020.38.2.101.

Associations between Physical Activity Level and Metabolic Risk Factors in Gynecological Cancer Survivors

  • 1Department of Physical Education, Seoul National University College of Education, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, CHA Gangnam Medical Center, CHA University, Seoul, Korea
  • 4Institution of Sport Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea


This study aimed to investigate the associations between physical activity (PA), health-related fitness, and metabolic risk factors in Korean gynecological cancer survivors using propensity score matching.
A cross-sectional analysis was performed using national representative data between 2015 and 2018 from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES VI3 and VI1–3). PA was self-reported through the global PA questionnaire, and health-related fitness was measured using handgrip strength and resting heart rate. Metabolic risk factors were measured by performing blood analyses, including fasting glucose, total cholesterol, and triglyceride levels, and blood pressure.
The total number of subjects was 268 (gynecological cancer, n=134; non-cancer, n=134). The results showed that the gynecological cancer survivors (time since diagnosis, <5 years and ≥5 years) participated in less amounts of weekly total moderate-to-vigorous intensity PA (160.0±170.1 vs. 144.6±177.3 vs. 334.1±191.3 min/wk; p<0.001), travel PA (94.5±119.3 vs. 109.4±143.9 vs. 215.7±170.7 min/wk; p<0.001), and walking (190.7±174.5 vs. 258.8±280.8 vs. 444.5±434.7 min/wk; p<0.001) than did the non-cancer population. Moreover, the gynecological cancer survivors who met the aerobic PA guidelines had significantly lower fasting glucose (p=0.035) and triacylglyceride levels (p=0.013), and systolic blood pressure (p=0.035) than the non-active participants.
The PA of the gynecological cancer survivors was lower than that of the general population. Aerobic PA was significantly associated with lower levels of metabolic disturbances in Korean gynecological cancer survivors.


Exercise; Gynecology; Nutrition survey; Risk factor
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