J Korean Soc Radiol.  2020 May;81(3):530-548. 10.3348/jksr.2020.81.3.530.

Thyroid Radiology Practice: Diagnosis and Interventional Treatment of Patients with Thyroid Nodules

  • 1Department of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Department of Radiology, Gangneung Asan Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Gangneung, Korea
  • 3Department of Radiology, Human Medical Imaging and Intervention Center, Seoul, Korea


Thyroid radiology practice is a medical practice in which thyroid diseases are diagnosed using imaging modality and treated by imaging-based interventional techniques, and the primary care target is thyroid nodular disease. Diagnosis of thyroid nodules is primarily done by ultrasound imaging and biopsy; thyroid nodules can be treated by non-surgical interventional treatment and thyroidectomy. Ethanol ablation is the first-line treatment for cystic benign nodules, and radiofrequency ablation is used for the treatment of benign solid nodules and recurrent thyroid cancers. Thyroid radiology practice has an essential clinical role in diagnosis and nonsurgical treatment of thyroid nodular diseases, and treatment should be performed based on standard care guidelines for proper patient care. In order to provide the best care to patients with thyroid nodular disease, it is desirable to treat patients in the radiology outpatient clinic. Thyroid radiology practice centered on outpatient clinic practice needs to be expanded.


Thyroid Nodule; Ultrasonography; Biopsy, Fine-Needle; Radiofrequency Ablation; Outpatient Clinics, Hospital
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