Korean J Med Educ.  2020 Jun;32(2):131-142. 10.3946/kjme.2020.161.

The effectiveness of interprofessional education programs for medical, nursing, and pharmacy students

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Urology, Gachon University College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea
  • 2Department of Medical Education, Gachon University College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea
  • 3Gachon University College of Nursing, Incheon, Korea
  • 4Gachon University College of Pharmacy, Incheon, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
This study is to develop an interprofessional education (IPE) program for medical, nursing, and pharmacy students and to analyze the effectiveness.
Methods
Subjects consisted of 116 students (41 medical, 46 nursing, and 29 pharmacy students) enrolled in their final year. Subjects were randomly assigned to either the intervention group or the control group, with 58 in each group. A pretest-posttest control group design was used. The program was operated for a single day, and consisted of small-group activities and role-play. We utilized the following tools: Perceptions towards Interprofessional Education (PIPE), Self-Efficacy for Interprofessional Experiential Learning (SEIEL), and Perception towards Interprofessional Competency (PIC). We used t-test and analysis of covariance for analysis.
Results
The PIPE tool revealed that the scores of the intervention group were significantly higher than those of the control group (p=0.000). The result was the same when the scores were categorized into the groups medical students (p=0.001), nursing students (p=0.000), and pharmacy students (p=0.005). The SEIEL study also indicated the intervention group scored significantly higher than the control group (p=0.000). However, pharmacy students did not reveal significant (p=0.983). The intervention group scored significantly higher than the control group in the PIC. A concluding survey of the intervention group indicated that most students were satisfied with the IPE program.
Conclusion
We hope this study will provide useful information for designing and improving IPE programs in other universities.

Keyword

Medical education; Medical students; Nursing students; Pharmacy students; Interprofessional education
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