Korean J Med Educ.  2020 Mar;32(1):13-21. 10.3946/kjme.2020.149.

The mediating effect of resilience on the relationship between the academic burnout and psychological well-being of medical students

  • 1Office of Medical Education, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea
  • 2Department of Medical Education, Catholic Kwandong University College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea


This study aimed to examine the medicating effect of resilience on the relationship between academic burnout and psychological well-being of medical students.
The participants were a group of 97 medical students. Scales measuring Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey, Ryff’s Psychological Well-Being, and Korean Resilience Quotient-53 were utilized. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, t-test, and multiple regression analyses using IBM SPSS ver. 22.0 (IBM Corp., Armonk, USA).
According to the study results, the medical students’ psychological well-being was negatively correlated with their academic burnout and positively correlated with their resilience; the degree of academic burnout experienced by the first and second year preclinical students was greater than that experienced by the third and fourth year clinical students; the male students’ average score for cynicism was higher than that of the female students; and the significant effects of academic burnout on the medical students’ psychological well-being were mediated by resilience.
It was confirmed that medical students’ academic burnout and resilience are significant factors that explain their psychological well-being; resilience is also an important variable in improving psychological well-being. This suggests that education and counseling support are needed to increase medical students’ resilience in order to increase their psychological well-being.


Burnout; Medical student; Resilience; Psychological well-being
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