Ann Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg.  2020 May;24(2):156-161. 10.14701/ahbps.2020.24.2.156.

Distal pancreatectomy outcomes: Perspectives from a community-based teaching institution

Affiliations
  • 1Departments of Surgery, Ascension Providence and Providence Park Hospitals, Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, Southfield, MI, USA
  • 2Departments of Research, Ascension Providence and Providence Park Hospitals, Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, Southfield, MI, USA

Abstract

Backgrounds/Aims
Distal pancreatic resections are intricate operations with potential for significant morbidity; there is controversy surrounding the appropriate setting regarding surgeon/hospital volume. We report our distal pancreatectomy experience from a community-based teaching hospital.
Methods
This study includes all patients who underwent laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP) and open distal pancreatectomy (ODP) for benign and malignant lesions between June 2004 and October 2017. Both groups were compared for perioperative characteristics, parenchymal resection technique, and outcomes.
Results
138 patients underwent distal pancreatectomy during this time. The distribution of LDP and ODP was 68 and 70 respectively. Operative time (146 vs. 174 min), blood loss (139 vs. 395 ml) and mean length of stay (4.8 vs. 8.0 days) were significantly lower in the laparoscopic group. The 30-day Clavien Grade 2/3 morbidity rate was 13.7% (19/138) and the incidence of Grade B/C pancreatic fistula was 6.5% (9/138), with no difference between ODP and LDP. 30-day mortality was 0.7% (1/138). 61/138 resections had a malignancy on final pathology. ODP mean tumor diameter was greater (6.4 cm vs. 2.9 cm), but there was no significant difference in the mean number of harvested nodes (8.6 vs. 7.4). The cost of hospitalization, including readmissions and surgery was significantly lower for LDP ($7558 vs. $11610).
Conclusions
This series of distal pancreatectomies indicates a shorter hospital stay, less operative blood loss and reduced cost in the LDP group, and comparable morbidity and oncologic outcomes between LDP and ODP. It highlights the feasibility and safety of these complex surgeries in a community setting.

Keyword

Distal pancreatectomy; Laparoscopic pancreatectomy; Open pancreatectomy; Community hospital
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