J Korean Geriatr Psychiatry.  2020 Apr;24(1):10-16.

Comparison of Two Multi-Step Programs for Early Detection of Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment in the Community

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Neuropsychiatry, College of Medicine, Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea
  • 2ent of Psychiatry, Chosun University Hospital, Gwangju, Korea

Abstract


Objective
Amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) has high conversion risk to dementia. However, it is not easy to detect aMCI patient early in the community. This study aimed to compare two-step and three-step program for early detection of aMCI in the community.
Methods
Overall 5,155 persons participated who were already registered with Korean version of Mini-Mental Status Examination for Dementia Screening (MMSE-DS) evaluation. It was conducted across 5 all districts of Gwangju, Republic of Korea from Jan 1, 2018 to March 31, 2018. As first step, we screened them applying inclusion criteria of age, sex, education adjusted norm based MMSE Z score between -1.5 and 0. Second evaluations which are not included in two-step program, were done by telephone interviews with asking subjective memory complaints and 5 word lists recall tests. And third assessments of neuropsychological tests and clinical diagnosis with visit were performed. Author compared two-step program and three-step program for aMCI diagnostic rate.
Results
Two multi-step programs had no significant difference on aMCI diagnostic rate (p=0.81).
Conclusion
Our study suggests that two multi-step programs are similar for early detection of aMCI in the community.

Keyword

Amnestic mild cognitive impairment; Community; Early detection; Two-step and three-step program
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