J Korean Acad Nurs.  2020 Apr;50(2):210-227. 10.4040/jkan.2020.50.2.210.

Development of a Scale for Alcohol Drinking Prevention Behavior in Early Elementary School Based on Ajzen’s Theory of Planned Behavior

  • 1College of Nursing, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Korea
  • 2Department of Nursing, Chosun Nursing College, Gwangju, Korea
  • 3Department of Nursing, Gwangju Health University, Gwangju, Korea


This study aimed to develop a scale to measure variables related to alcohol drinking prevention behavior in early elementary school, based on the theory of planned behavior.
A scale was developed to measure variables related to alcohol drinking prevention behavior. Initial items for direct evaluation were constructed through a literature review, and those for belief-based indirect measure were generated through interviews with 30 second- and third-grade elementary school students. The collected data from 286 third-grade elementary school students were then subjected to item analysis, exploratory and confirmative factor analysis, criterion-related validity testing, and internal consistency assessment.
The final scale consisted of 35 items. Intention, attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control explained 82.7% of the variance; behavioral beliefs, normative beliefs, and control beliefs explained 65.6% of the variance; and evaluation of outcome, motivation to comply, and power of control beliefs explained 72.8% of the variance. The confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the theoretical models had a satisfactory goodness of fit. Criterion-related validity was confirmed between the direct evaluation variables and the indirect measure variables (attitudes r=.64, p <.001; subjective norms r=.39, p <.001; perceived behavioral control r=.62, p <.001). Cronbach’s a was .89 for the direct evaluation variables and .93 for the indirect measure variables.
The scale developed in this study is valid and reliable. It could be used to measure and explain variables related to alcohol drinking prevention behavior in early elementary school.


Drinking Behavior; Factor Analysis; Child; Prevention and Control; Intention
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