Korean J Radiol.  2020 Apr;21(5):511-525. 10.3348/kjr.2019.0821.

Clinical Implementation of Deep Learning in ThoracicRadiology: Potential Applications and Challenges

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Radiology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

Chest X-ray radiography and computed tomography, the two mainstay modalities in thoracic radiology, are under active investigation with deep learning technology, which has shown promising performance in various tasks, including detection, classification, segmentation, and image synthesis, outperforming conventional methods and suggesting its potential for clinical implementation. However, the implementation of deep learning in daily clinical practice is in its infancy and facing several challenges, such as its limited ability to explain the output results, uncertain benefits regarding patient outcomes, and incomplete integration in daily workflow. In this review article, we will introduce the potential clinical applications of deep learning technology in thoracic radiology and discuss several challenges for its implementation in daily clinical practice.

Keyword

Artificial intelligence; Deep learning; Chest radiograph; Chest X-ray; Computed tomography
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