Nutr Res Pract.  2020 Apr;14(2):160-166. 10.4162/nrp.2020.14.2.160.

The effects of body mass index and body shape perceptions of South Korean adults on weight control behaviors; Correlation with quality of sleep and residence of place

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Food and Nutrition, Eulji University, 553, Sanseong-daero, Seongnam, Gyeonggi 13135, Republic of Korea. ysoh@eulji.ac.kr, sejang@eulji.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Nursing, Eulji University, 553, Sanseong-daero, Seongnam, Gyeonggi 13135, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES
The obese population is rapidly increasing because of reduced physical activity and a Westernized diet; consequently, various chronic diseases are more prevalent. With the increasing interest in body shape and appearance, research on body shape perceptions and accompanying weight control behaviors are needed for healthy weight management.
SUBJECTS/METHODS
A cross-sectional survey was conducted on randomly selected 536 (209 men and 327 women) aged 20 to 65 years. Body mass index (BMI), body-shape perception, weight control behavior, quality of sleep, and place of residence were collected using self-reported questionnaires. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was conducted using complex design in each groups. Collected data were analyzed using the SAS 9.4 statistical package, and the significance level was set at P < 0.05.
RESULTS
When these two variables were divided into four groups, they were found to influence dieting attempts. People with abnormal weights who were dissatisfied with their body shapes attempted dieting 5.23 times more than those with healthy weights and satisfaction with their body shapes. Further, those with normal weights but dissatisfaction with their bodies attempted dieting 4.45 times more than those who were satisfied with their shapes. Subjects in their 20s attempted dieting 2.53 times more than those in their 30s and 40s, and female subjects attempted dieting 2.24 times more than male subjects.
CONCLUSIONS
A correct perception of one's shape can be an important factor for dietary behavior, as body shape perceptions and dieting attempts are strongly related. Additionally, healthy weight management and nutrition education are important elements to incorporate into a weight control program aimed at preventing excessive weight control behaviors and promoting correct perceptions of body shape.

Keyword

Body image; BMI; body weight maintenance; health education
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