Diabetes Metab J.  2020 Feb;44(1):91-102. 10.4093/dmj.2018.0251.

Changes in the Quality of Life in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus According to Physician and Patient Behaviors

Affiliations
  • 1Outcomes Research/Real World Data Team, Corporate Affairs and Health & Value Division, Pfizer Pharmaceuticals Korea Ltd., Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University Anam Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 4Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Chonnam National University Hospital, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea.
  • 5Department of Endocrine and Metabolism, Sejong General Hospital, Bucheon, Korea.
  • 6Department of Internal Medicine, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang, Korea.
  • 7Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 8Department of Internal Medicine, Yeungnam University Medical Center, Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.
  • 9Department of Biostatistics, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 10Department of Internal Medicine, Hallym University Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. dm@hallym.or.kr

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is the most common chronic metabolic disorder with an increasing prevalence worldwide. According to a previous study, physicians' treatment patterns or patients' behaviors change when they become aware of the risk for cardiovascular (CV) disease in patients with DM. However, there exist controversial reports from previous studies in the impact of physicians' behaviors on the patients' quality of life (QoL) improvements. So we investigate the changes in QoL according to physicians and patients' behavioral changes after the awareness of CV risks in patients with type 2 DM.
METHODS
Data were obtained from a prospective, observational study where 799 patients aged ≥40 years with type 2 DM were recruited at 24 tertiary hospitals in Korea. Changes in physicians' behaviors were defined as changes in the dose/type of antihypertensive, lipid-lowering, and anti-platelet therapies within 6-month after the awareness of CV risks in patients. Changes in patients' behaviors were based on lifestyle modifications. Audit of Diabetes Dependent Quality of Life comprising 19-life-domains was used.
RESULTS
The weighted impact score change for local or long-distance journey (P=0.0049), holidays (P=0.0364), and physical health (P=0.0451) domains significantly differed between the two groups; patients whose physician's behaviors changed showed greater improvement than those whose physician's behaviors did not change.
CONCLUSION
This study demonstrates that changes in physicians' behaviors, as a result of perceiving CV risks, improve QoL in some domains of life in DM patients. Physicians should recognize the importance of understanding CV risks and implement appropriate management.

Keyword

Cardiovascular diseases; Diabetes mellitus; Risk management; Quality of life
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