J Adv Prosthodont.  2020 Feb;12(1):33-37. 10.4047/jap.2020.12.1.33.

Effects of type of magnet attachment and implant angulation in two implant overdenture models

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Biomedical Science, Graduate School of Korea University, Institute for Clinical Dental Research, Korea University Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
  • 2Department of Prosthodontics, Institute for Clinical Dental Research, Korea University Medical Center, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
  • 3Institute for Clinical Dental Research, Guro Hospital, Korea University Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea. wddc@korea.ac.kr
  • 4Institute for Clinical Dental Research, Korea University Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of type of magnet attachment and implant angulation in two implant overdenture models.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Magnet attachments used in this study were flat and dome types (MGT5515, MGT5520D, Dentium Co., Seoul, Korea). Two implants with keepers were inserted in the resin blocks at a distance of 24 mm. For the first model, the implants were parallel to the vertical and perpendicular to the horizontal; for the second model, both were angulated 5 degrees to the mesial; for the third model, both were angulated 10 degrees toward the mesial. The retentive force was measured in both vertical and lateral directions. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS software version 22.0 (α=.05).
RESULTS
The flat type magnet attachment showed the highest lateral retentive force in the 20° divergent group (P<.05) and the dome type magnet attachment showed the highest lateral retentive force in the parallel group (P<.05). The vertical and lateral retentive force of the dome type magnet attachment was greater than that of the flat type magnet attachment in every direction (P<.05).
CONCLUSION
Within the limitations of this study, the dome shape magnet attachment can resist vertical and lateral retentive force more superiorly than the flat type magnet attachment, regardless of angle, in the mandibular two implant model.

Keyword

Two implant overdenture model; Magnet attachments; Implant angulation

MeSH Terms

Denture, Overlay*
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