Health Commun.  2019 Dec;14(2):155-164. 10.15715/kjhcom.2019.14.2.155.

Relationships among Workplace Bullying, Organizational Culture and Nursing Performance in Nurses

Affiliations
  • 1Graduate Student, College of Nursing Science, Kyung Hee University, Korea.
  • 2Professor, College of Nursing Science, Kyung Hee University, Korea. jihwang@khu.ac.kr

Abstract

BACKGROUND
This study was aimed to examine relationships among workplace bullying, organization culture and nursing performance in clinical nurses.
METHODS
A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted from October 16 to 26, 2018 with 168 nurses participating in RN-BSN and graduate programs in a university. Data was analyzed with SPSS 22.0 by t - test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient and hierarchical multiple regression.
RESULTS
Of nurses, 23.2% were found as victims of workplace bullying. Higher scores for workplace bullying positively correlated with rank-oriented culture (r=.19, p=.015), negatively correlated with relational-oriented culture (r=−.43, p<.001) and innovation-oriented culture (r=−.35, p<.001). After adjusting for other variables, better nursing performance was associated with lower scores for workplace bullying (β=−.18, p=.026) and innovation-oriented culture (β=.24, p=.023). However, there was no moderating effect of organizational culture in the relationship between workplace bullying and nursing performance.
CONCLUSION
Efforts to creating innovative organizational culture and reducing workplace bullying can contribute to improving nursing performance.

Keyword

Nursing organizational culture; Workplace bullying; Nursing performance
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