Health Commun.  2019 Dec;14(2):93-102. 10.15715/kjhcom.2019.14.2.93.

The Effects of Welfare Center's Cognitive Improvement Program on the Community Elderly Provided by Nursing Student Volunteers and Social Welfare

Affiliations
  • 1Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Korean Bible University, Korea. agape90@bible.ac.kr
  • 2Chief of Welfare Service, Wolgye Social Welfare Center, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was conducted to investigate effects of welfare center's cognitive improvement program on the community elderly provided by nursing student volunteers and social welfare.
METHODS
A quasi-experimental with non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design was implemented. The participants were the community elderly with or without mild cognitive impairments (experimental group: 17, control group: 15). The experimental group participated in the cognitive improvement program for four months based on the demonstration program of the special grade of dementia in long-term care insurance for the elderly.
RESULTS
After the intervention, the satisfaction with perceived social support (F=9.30, p=.005) was improved statistically between the experimental group and the control group, but there was no significant difference in MMSE-K, IADL, depression, EQ-VAS, and EQ-5D variables.
CONCLUSION
These results indicated that a multidisciplinary approach or a variety of manpower is needed, in order to prevent the dementia of the elderly. However, in order to provide a systematic cognitive-based intervention, it was once again recognized that the training of relevant experts and the quality planning on them were very important.

Keyword

community elderly; cognitive therapy; voluntary workers

MeSH Terms

Aged*
Cognitive Therapy
Dementia
Depression
Humans
Insurance, Long-Term Care
Mild Cognitive Impairment
Nursing*
Social Welfare*
Students, Nursing*
Volunteers*
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