J Korean Soc Emerg Med.  2019 Oct;30(5):411-418. 10.0000/jksem.2019.30.5.411.

Predictive value of procalcitonin for bacteremia in patients with pneumonia in the emergency department

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Emergency Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. jhccm.park@samsung.com

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
This study examined the predictive value of the initial procalcitonin level for bacteremia in patients with pneumonia in the emergency department (ED).
METHODS
This study was a single-center, retrospective study conducted from January 2016 to June 2018. The serum procalcitonin and blood cultures were obtained from adult patients with pneumonia in the ED. The patients were categorized into either the bacteremia group or non-bacteremia group, according to the results of the blood cultures. The procalcitonin level in the bacteremia group and non-bacteremia group was compared. The area under the receiver operating curve (AUROC) of procalcitonin was calculated to predict bacteremia.
RESULTS
A total of 934 patients were analyzed. Of the eligible patients, 902 patients (96.6%) and 32 patients (3.4%) were assigned to the non-bacteremia group and bacteremia group, respectively. The procalcitonin level was significantly higher in the bacteremia group than the non-bacteremia group (5.06 ng/mL; interquartile range [IQR], 1.88-15.78 vs. 0.29 ng/mL; IQR, 0.12-1.01: P<0.001). The AUROC of procalcitonin was 0.819 (95% confidence interval, 0.734-0.904).
CONCLUSION
The initial procalcitonin level might be useful for predicting bacteremia in patients with pneumonia in the ED.

Keyword

Pneumonia; Procalcitonin; Blood culture; Bacteremia

MeSH Terms

Adult
Bacteremia*
Emergencies*
Emergency Service, Hospital*
Humans
Pneumonia*
Retrospective Studies
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