J Obes Metab Syndr.  2019 Dec;28(4):225-235. 10.7570/jomes.2019.28.4.225.

Nutritional Management in Childhood Obesity

Affiliations
  • 1Research Institute of Medical Nutrition, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea. hjlim@khu.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Medical Nutrition, Graduate School of East-West Medical Science, Kyung Hee University, Yongin, Korea.

Abstract

The increasing prevalence of overweight and obese children and adolescents poses a major concern worldwide. Dietary practice in these critical periods affects physical and cognitive development and has consequences in later life. Therefore, acquiring healthy eating behaviors that will endure is important for children and adolescents. Nutrition management has been applied to numerous childhood obesity intervention studies. Diverse forms of nutrition education and counseling, key messages, a Mediterranean-style hypocaloric diet, and nutritional food selection have been implemented as dietary interventions. The modification of dietary risk in terms of nutrients, foods, dietary patterns, and dietary behaviors has been applied to changing problematic dietary factors. However, it is not easy to identify the effectiveness of nutritional management because of the complex and interacting components of any multicomponent approach to intervention in childhood obesity. In this review, we describe the modifiable dietary risk factors and nutritional components of previous nutrition intervention studies for nutritional management in childhood obesity. Furthermore, we suggest evidence-based practice in nutrition care for obese children and adolescents by considering obesity-related individual and environmental dietary risk factors.

Keyword

Pediatric obesity; Nutrition therapy; Diet therapy

MeSH Terms

Adolescent
Child
Counseling
Critical Period (Psychology)
Diet
Diet Therapy
Education
Evidence-Based Practice
Feeding Behavior
Food Preferences
Humans
Nutrition Therapy
Overweight
Pediatric Obesity*
Prevalence
Risk Factors
Full Text Links
  • JOMES
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
    DB Error: unknown error