J Korean Orthop Assoc.  2019 Dec;54(6):519-527. 10.4055/jkoa.2019.54.6.519.

Study of Deformity by the Involvement of the Femoral Head of the Proximal Femur in Polyostotic Fibrous Dysplasia

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea. stjung@chonnam.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
To evaluate the treatment result in polyostotic fibrous dysplasia classified according to the involvement of the femoral head.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Twenty-three patients from March 1987 to March 2014 were reviewed retrospectively. Patients with no involvement of the physeal scar in the femoral head were classified as Type I, and those with involvement of the physeal scar were classified as Type II. A plain radiograph was used to measure the femoral neck shaft angle, articulo-trochanteric distance (ATD), and anterior bowing through the lateral view. A teleoroentgenogram of the lower limb was used to measure the leg length discrepancy and lower extremity mechanical axis. The pre- and postoperative femoral neck-shaft angle and ATD were compared to assess the degree of correction of the deformity.
RESULTS
Among a total of 46 cases (23 patients), 28 cases (23 patients) had lesions in the proximal femur. Type I were 16/28 cases (15/23 patients) and Type II were 12/28 cases (9/23 patients). The preoperative proximal femoral neck-shaft angle was 116.8° in Type I and 95.3° in Type II. The ATD was 12.08 mm in Type I and −5.54 mm in Type II. The deformity correction showed significant improvement immediately after surgery, the deformity correction was lost in Type II (neck shaft angle Type I: 133.8°-130.8°, Type II: 128.6°-116.9°, and ATD Type I: 17.66-15.72 mm, Type II: 7.44-4.16 mm). The extent of anterior bowing was 12.74° in Type I and 20.19° in Type II. The mean differences of 12 mm between the 9 patients who showed a leg length discrepancy and the lower extremity mechanical axis showed 4 cases of lateral deviation and 7 cases of medial deviation.
CONCLUSION
In polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, when the femur head is involved, the femur neck shaft angle, ATD, and anterior bowing of the femur had more deformity, and the postoperative correction of deformity was lost, suggesting that the involvement of the femoral head was an important factor in the prognosis of the disease.

Keyword

polyostotic fibrous dysplasia; bone malalignment

MeSH Terms

Bone Malalignment
Cicatrix
Congenital Abnormalities*
Femur Head
Femur Neck
Femur*
Fibrous Dysplasia, Polyostotic*
Head*
Humans
Leg
Lower Extremity
Prognosis
Retrospective Studies
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