Knee Surg Relat Res.  2019 Sep;31(3):e6. 10.1186/s43019-019-0004-4.

Diabetes mellitus does not increase the risk of knee stiffness after total knee arthroplasty: a meta-analysis of 7 studies including 246 053 cases

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopaedics, Blackpool Victoria Hospital, Blackpool, UK. c.m.jump@doctors.org.uk
  • 2Weill Cornell Medical College, Doha, Qatar.
  • 3Centre for Endocrinology & Diabetes, Institute of Human Development, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.
  • 4School of Medicine, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK.

Abstract

PURPOSE
The association of diabetes mellitus with knee stiffness after total knee arthroplasty is still being debated. The aim of this study was to assess through meta-analysis the impact of diabetes mellitus on the prevalence of postoperative knee stiffness after total knee arthroplasty.
METHODS
We conducted a literature search for terms regarding postoperative knee stiffness and diabetes mellitus on Embase, CINAHL, and PubMed NCBI.
RESULTS
Of 1142 articles, seven were suitable for analysis. Meta-analysis showed that diabetes mellitus does not confer an increased risk of primary or revision total knee arthroplasty-induced postoperative knee stiffness when compared to nondiabetic patients (primary total knee arthroplasty, estimated odds ratio [OR] 1.474 and 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.97-2.23; primary and revision total knee arthroplasty, OR 1.340 and 95% CI 0.97-1.83).
CONCLUSION
There is no strong evidence that diabetes mellitus increases the risk of knee stiffness after total knee arthroplasty. The decision to proceed with total knee arthroplasty, discussion as part of the consent process, and subsequent rehabilitation should not differ between patients with and without diabetes mellitus with regards to risk of stiffness. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III (meta-analysis)

Keyword

Diabetes mellitus; Knee stiffness; Arthrofibrosis; Total knee arthroplasty

MeSH Terms

Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee*
Diabetes Mellitus*
Humans
Knee*
Odds Ratio
Prevalence
Rehabilitation
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