Nucl Med Mol Imaging.  2019 Dec;53(6):386-395. 10.1007/s13139-019-00622-w.

Prognostic Value of Metabolic Information in Advanced Gastric Cancer Using Preoperative ¹⁸F-FDG PET/CT

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nuclear Medicine, Korea University Anam Hospital, 73, Goryeodae-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 02841, Republic of Korea. hnwoo00@gmail.com
  • 2Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Korea University Anam Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study evaluated the usefulness of semiquantitative and volumetric PET parameters for predicting prognosis in patients with advanced gastric cancer (AGC).
METHODS
We enrolled 213 patients who underwent ¹â¸F-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (¹â¸F-FDG PET/CT) prior to curative surgery for AGC. Maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) and tumor-to-liver uptake ratio (TLR) were measured in all patients. Metabolic tumor volume (MTV) and total lesion glycolysis were measured in volume-measurable patients. For further quantification of FDG uptake, we developed PET prognostic scores by combining SUVmax and MTV (1: low SUVmax/low MTV; 2: high SUVmax/low MTV; 3: high SUVmax/high MTV). Comparison of PET parameters between recurrence and non-recurrence groups was performed. Univariate and multivariate analyses for recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were subsequently performed.
RESULTS
The recurrence rate was 32.4% (69/213 patients). Mean SUVmax and mean MTV of the recurrence group were significantly higher than those of the non-recurrence group (p = 0.026 and p = 0.025). TLR showed marginal significance (p = 0.051). In multivariate analysis for RFS including all patients, SUVmax (p = 0.022), TLR (p = 0.010), and PET score (p = 0.003) were independent prognostic factors. In post hoc analysis of PET score, significant differences in RFS were observed between PET scores 2 and 3 as well as scores 1 and 3. No significant difference in RFS was observed between scores 1 and 2. Only PET score was statistically significant for OS in univariate analysis. None of the PET parameters were statistically significant for OS in multivariate analysis.
CONCLUSION
High SUVmax and high MTV of the primary tumor suggest a high risk of recurrence for AGC patients. Even if SUVmax is similar, the prognosis may vary depending on MTV. Combining PET parameters results in a better prediction for prognosis.

Keyword

Advanced gastric cancer; FDG PET/CT; Recurrence; Maximum standardized uptake value; Metabolictumor volume
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