Clin Should Elbow.  2019 Dec;22(4):203-209. 10.5397/cise.2019.22.4.203.

Treatment of Large and Massive Rotator Cuff Tears: Does Infraspinatus Muscle Tear Affect Repair Integrity?

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Jeju National University School of Medicine, Jeju, Korea. oskanghs@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Clinical outcomes and prognosis of large and massive rotator cuff tears are known to be unpredictable not only in degeneration of the rotator cuff, but also due to a high rate of retear.
METHODS
Totally, 81 patients who had undergone arthroscopic rotator cuff repair from May 2008 to February 2016 were evaluated in our study. Clinical and functional evaluations were performed with the Constant score and the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) score, as well as full physical examination of the shoulder. All patients were confirmed to have magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of tendon healing at least 1 year postoperatively.
RESULTS
The average age at the time of surgery was 65 years (range, 47-78 years). The average duration of postoperative time in which a follow-up MRI was performed was 36.1 months (range, 12-110 months). Large tears were present in 48 cases (59.3%) and massive tears in 33 cases (40.7%). Overall, there were 33 retear cases (40.7%). All the average clinical outcome scores were significantly improved at the last follow-up (p<0.001), although repair integrity was not maintained. Compared to type A, types C, and D of the Collin's classification showed significantly higher retear rates (p=0.036).
CONCLUSIONS
Arthroscopic rotator cuff repair yields improved clinical outcomes and a relatively high degree of patient satisfaction, despite the repair integrity not being maintained. Involvement of the subscapularis muscle or infraspinatus muscle had no effect on the retear rate.

Keyword

Rotator cuff; Arthroscopy; Shoulder

MeSH Terms

Arthroscopy
California
Classification
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Patient Satisfaction
Physical Examination
Prognosis
Rotator Cuff*
Shoulder
Tears*
Tendons
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