J Korean Fract Soc.  2020 Jan;33(1):1-8. 10.12671/jkfs.2020.33.1.1.

Comparison of Percutaneous versus Open Pedicle Screw Fixation for Treating Unstable Thoracolumbar Fractures

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Wonju Severance Christian Hospital, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea. 1stspinekky@yonsei.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study compared the clinical and radiological results between two groups of patients with percutaneous fixation or conventional fixation after hardware removal.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
The study analyzed 68 patients (43 open fixation and 43 percutaneous screw fixation [PSF] 25) who had undergone fixation for unstable thoracolumbar fractures. The radiologic results were obtained using the lateral radiographs taken before and after the fixation and at the time of hardware removal. The clinical results included the time of operation, blood loss, time to ambulation, duration of the hospital stay and the visual analogue scale.
RESULTS
The percutaneous pedicle screw fixation (PPSF) group showed better results than did the conventional posterior fixation (CPF) group (p<0.05) in regard to the perioperative data such as operation time, blood loss, and duration of the hospital stay. There were no significant differences in wedge angle, local kyphotic angle, and the ΔKyphotic angle on the postoperative plane radiographs between the two groups (p>0.05). There were no significant differences in the wedge angle and local kyphotic angle after implant removal (p>0.05) between the two groups as well. However, there were significant differences in the segmental montion angle (p<0.001), and the PPSF group showed a larger segmental motion angle than did the CPF group (CPF 1.7°±1.2° vs PPSF 5.9°±3.2°, respectively).
CONCLUSION
For the treatment of unstable thoracolumbar fractures, the PPSF technique could achieve better clinical results and an improved segmental motion angle after implant removal within a year than that of the conventional fixation method.

Keyword

Unstable thoracolumbar vertebral fracture; Conventional posterior fixation; Percutaneous pedicle screw fixation; Implant removal; Segmental motion angle

MeSH Terms

Humans
Length of Stay
Methods
Pedicle Screws*
Walking
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