Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol.  2013 Sep;6(3):184-186.

Primary Burkitt's Lymphoma in the Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses

  • 1Department of Otolaryngology, Asan Meidcal Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.


Burkitt's lymphoma is a highly aggressive small B-cell lymphoma. The treatment of choice is complex chemotherapy. As a rare tumor in the head and neck area, Burkitt's lymphoma usually involves cervical lymph nodes, and only fewer than 25% of cases involves extranodal regions. Involvement of the paranasal sinuses has been reported in only 14 cases in the past century. We describe here two patients with rare, sporadic, American type Burkitt's lymphoma involving the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses manifesting nasal obstruction. We also review clinical and histological features of Burkitt's lymphoma.


Lymphoma; Burkitt lymphoma; Nasal cavity; Paranasal sinus

MeSH Terms

Burkitt Lymphoma
Lymph Nodes
Lymphoma, B-Cell
Nasal Cavity
Nasal Obstruction
Paranasal Sinuses


  • Fig. 1 Endoscopic findings, showing (A) a pinkish round mass originating from the middle meatus of the right nasal cavity, and (B) an irregularly contoured mass between the septum and inferior turbinate of the left nasal cavity.

  • Fig. 2 Axial and coronal view of sinus magnetic resonance imaging (T1WI), showing (A, B) opacification, mainly involving the right maxillary sinus and parapharyngeal and buccal spaces, before chemotherapy; (C, D) disappearance of previously observed mass lesions after chemotherapy, with only postoperative changes remaining.


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