Obstet Gynecol Sci.  2020 Jan;63(1):80-86. 10.5468/ogs.2020.63.1.80.

Influence of combined oral contraceptives on polycystic ovarian morphology-related parameters in Korean women with polycystic ovary syndrome

Affiliations
  • 1Health Care Division, The Provincial Office of Jeollanamdo, Muan, Korea.
  • 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Haeundae Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea. wooki1974@empal.com

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
This study aimed to assess the effect of combined oral contraceptives (COCs) on polycystic ovarian morphology (PCOM) and serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels in Korean women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
METHODS
This university hospital study enrolled 36 Korean women who were newly diagnosed with PCOS based on the Rotterdam criteria and were treated with COCs for at least 1 year. We retrospectively evaluated the ovarian volume and number of antral follicles using ultrasonography and assessed serum AMH levels at baseline and after 1 year of COC treatment.
RESULTS
Significant decreases in ovarian volume and antral follicle count were observed after 1 year of COC treatment. Compared to baseline, serum AMH levels were significantly decreased after 1 year.
CONCLUSION
COC treatment significantly affects ultrasound-assessed PCOM and serum AMH levels of patients with PCOS.

Keyword

Anti-Müllerian hormone; Combined oral contraceptives; Polycystic ovarian morphology; Polycystic ovary syndrome
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