Korean J Radiol.  2020 Jan;21(1):58-67. 10.3348/kjr.2019.0323.

Myocardial Coverage and Radiation Dose in Dynamic Myocardial Perfusion Imaging Using Third-Generation Dual-Source CT

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Radiology, Mie University Hospital, Mie, Japan. kakuya@clin.medic.mie-u.ac.jp

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
Third-generation dual-source computed tomography (3rd-DSCT) allows dynamic myocardial CT perfusion imaging (dynamic CTP) with a 10.5-cm z-axis coverage. Although the increased radiation exposure associated with the 50% wider scan range compared to second-generation DSCT (2nd-DSCT) may be suppressed by using a tube voltage of 70 kV, it remains unclear whether image quality and the ability to quantify myocardial blood flow (MBF) can be maintained under these conditions. This study aimed to compare the image quality, estimated MBF, and radiation dose of dynamic CTP between 2nd-DSCT and 3rd-DSCT and to evaluate whether a 10.5-cm coverage is suitable for dynamic CTP.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
We retrospectively analyzed 107 patients who underwent dynamic CTP using 2nd-DSCT at 80 kV (n = 54) or 3rd-DSCT at 70 kV (n = 53). Image quality, estimated MBF, radiation dose, and coverage of left ventricular (LV) myocardium were compared.
RESULTS
No significant differences were observed between 3rd-DSCT and 2nd-DSCT in contrast-to-noise ratio (37.4 ± 11.4 vs. 35.5 ± 11.2, p = 0.396). Effective radiation dose was lower with 3rd-DSCT (3.97 ± 0.92 mSv with a conversion factor of 0.017 mSv/mGy·cm) compared to 2nd-DSCT (5.49 ± 1.36 mSv, p < 0.001). Incomplete coverage was more frequent with 2nd-DSCT than with 3rd-DSCT (1.9% [1/53] vs. 56% [30/54], p < 0.001). In propensity score-matched cohorts, MBF was comparable between 3rd-DSCT and 2nd-DSCT in non-ischemic (146.2 ± 26.5 vs. 157.5 ± 34.9 mL/min/100 g, p = 0.137) as well as ischemic myocardium (92.7 ± 21.1 vs. 90.9 ± 29.7 mL/min/100 g, p = 0.876).
CONCLUSION
The radiation increase inherent to the widened z-axis coverage in 3rd-DSCT can be balanced by using a tube voltage of 70 kV without compromising image quality or MBF quantification. In dynamic CTP, a z-axis coverage of 10.5 cm is sufficient to achieve complete coverage of the LV myocardium in most patients.

Keyword

Multidetector computed tomography; Cardiac imaging techniques; Myocardial perfusion imaging; Image enhancement; Radiation dosage

MeSH Terms

Cardiac Imaging Techniques
Cohort Studies
Cytidine Triphosphate
Humans
Image Enhancement
Multidetector Computed Tomography
Myocardial Perfusion Imaging*
Myocardium
Perfusion Imaging
Radiation Dosage
Radiation Exposure
Retrospective Studies
Cytidine Triphosphate
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