J Nutr Health.  2019 Feb;52(1):90-103. 10.4163/jnh.2019.52.1.90.

The relationship of nutrition of rice and positive evaluation of the rice-based meal on the physical and emotional self-diagnosis and learning efficiency of the middle and highschool students in the Jeonju area

Affiliations
  • 1Lifestyle and Nutrition Division, Department of Agro-food Resources, National Institute of Sgricultural Science, Rural Development Administration, Wanju, Jeonbuk 55365, Korea. soomuk@korea.kr
  • 2Major in Nutrition Education, The Graduate School of Education, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Jeonbuk 54896, Korea.
  • 3Clinical Trial Center for Functional Foods, Chonbuk National University Hospital, Jeonju, Jeonbuk 54907, Korea.
  • 4Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, and Research Institute of Human Ecology, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Jeonbuk 54896, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study examined the relationship of the nutrition of rice and the positive evaluation of the rice-based meal with the food consumption habits, physical and emotional health status, and learning efficacy of 601 middle and high school students in Jeonju area.
METHODS
The participants were divided into two groups using cluster analysis in that the participants belonging to the upper groups had a center score of 46.86 (n = 348), while the people belonging to the lower group had a center score of 36.89 (n = 253). Statistical differences were tested for all the relationships between the physical and emotional healths symptoms and learning efficacy between the groups at the α = 0.05 level.
RESULTS
Significant differences in the physical self-evaluated symptoms were observed in all five items in each cluster (p < 0.05). In the case of the emotional health status, nine out of 10 items showed significant differences between the groups. Similarly, significant differences in all five items in learning efficacy questionnaire were noted (p < 0.05). Positive attitudes of the parents toward having breakfast also showed significant differences among the groups.
CONCLUSION
The nutrition of rice and a positive evaluation of the rice-based meals significantly affect the physical and emotional health status and learning efficacy of juveniles. These findings can be used as baseline information for promoting nutrition education, particularly rice-based breakfast.

Keyword

rice-based meal; adolescent; diet habits; physical and emotional health symptoms; learning efficacy

MeSH Terms

Adolescent
Breakfast
Education
Food Habits
Humans
Jeollabuk-do*
Learning*
Meals*
Parents
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