Ann Occup Environ Med.  2019 ;31(1):2. 10.1186/s40557-019-0283-y.

Relationship between personal care products usage and triclosan exposure: the second Korean National Environmental Health Survey (KoNEHS 2012–2014)

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Kyung Hee University Medical Center, Seoul, South Korea. drforest@hanmail.net.
  • 2Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, School of Medicine Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
We aimed to find the exposure level of triclosan (TCS), a known endocrine disruptor, related to the use of personal care products using a nationally representative data of the general population in Korea.
METHODS
This study included data of 6288 adults aged 19"‰years and older (2692 men, 3596 women), based on the Second Korean National Environmental Health Survey (KoNEHS 2012-2014). The data were divided according to gender. The frequency and proportion of each variable were determined by dividing participants into two groups based on the top 75th percentile concentration of urinary TCS (male: 1.096"‰Î¼g/g creatinine, female: 1.329"‰Î¼g/g creatinine). Odds ratios (ORs) were calculated using logistic regression analysis for the high TCS exposure and low TCS exposure groups.
RESULTS
Overall, the proportion of participants using personal care products was higher in women than in men. There was a significantly higher proportion of participants in the high TCS exposure group with younger age, higher education and income levels and with more frequent use of fragrance products, hair care products, body cleansers, cosmetics, and antimicrobial agents. In both men and women, ORs tended to increase with increased frequency of use of hair care products, body cleansers, and cosmetics before and after adjustment.
CONCLUSIONS
Our findings demonstrate that as the frequency of use of personal care products increases, urine TCS concentration increases. Because TCS is a well-known endocrine disruptor, further studies are needed and explore other health effects with exposure to TCS in general population in Korea. ELECTRONIC SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL: The online version of this article (10.1186/s40557-019-0283-y) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Keyword

Triclosan; Personal care products; Korean National Environmental Health Survey

MeSH Terms

Adult
Anti-Infective Agents
Creatinine
Education
Environmental Health*
Female
Hair
Humans
Korea
Logistic Models
Male
Odds Ratio
Triclosan*
Anti-Infective Agents
Creatinine
Triclosan
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